Comedian Lee Yoon-suk's new book "The Science of Laughter" goes all the way back to primitive times to find the basis of laughter.'The fact that people accepted me positively makes me feel lucky. I think that there is no better way of staying healthy than laughing out loud'.
By Byun Sun-goo
Comedian Lee Yoon-suk, often called by his nickname "Korea's weakling" due to his frail-looking physique, released his first book "The Science of Laughter" late last month.
This rather scholarly title seems apt for Lee, well-known throughout the entertainment industry as a bookworm, and one of the few Korean comedians that holds a doctorate. He has also been the dean of the Seoul Arts School's broadcasting division since 2009.
Since receiving nationwide attention through a comedy contest on TV network MBC in 1993, he has made a name for himself in the entertainment industry for his dry and refined brand of comedy that diverged from slapstick humor that was prevalent at that time.
Unlike books written by other comedians telling their tales of success, Lee's book aims to analyze laughter in terms of its historic, psychological, biological and neurological basis.
When the JoongAng Ilbo met up with Lee in a cafe in Seoul, he noted that he read a lot of science books as a child and has noticed over the years a dearth of scientific study on laughter.
"Comedy programs are often regarded as inferior in local TV broadcasting [compared to the drama or documentary formats] and this tendency has also been reflected in academic fields. It made me feel I had to take action", said Lee.
"Having been a comedian for 17 years, I wanted to realize my identity in my profession and satisfy readers by writing this book", he added.
In the book, Lee scientifically breaks down the success of today's comedians.
Slapstick comedy from primitive times
Lee explains that the loud and aggressive prank-comedy characterized by comedians Park Myung-soo and Kim Gu-ra stems from behavior of human's ancestors hundreds of thousands of years ago.
Lee's book posits that there is a connection between primate behavior, specifically aggressive but harmless "games", and some comedians' playful aggressiveness on television.
Lee goes into more detail, though, hypothesizing that the root of Park and Kim's success is embedded in Korea's social and political circumstances. The comedians' brand of humor should be analyzed through the context of Korean society's sudden democratization and economic development. During Korea's dictatorial period that encompassed much of 1953 to 1989, what Lee dubs "dumb" comedy was prevalent due to societal constraints on free speech. But since the dictatorship came to an end, broader brands of comedy have been popularized.
"During the dictatorship period in Korea, people only laughed at comedy featuring 'dumb' characters, because everyone was what I call a social weakling. But nowadays, because everyone is relatively better off and laid back, they have a higher tolerance for other kinds of comedy", said Lee.
Humility the key to humor
In 2007, Lee's doctoral dissertation analyzed the success behind comedian Yoo Jae-suk and newscaster-turned-TV personality Jung Eun-ah.
The first reason, he figured, was their humility. Their fame did not originate from humor or speaking skills. Lee said that laughter can be explained through a "superiority" perspective, in which comedians often times satisfy people's sense of superiority by degrading themselves or building up their subjects.
Yoo Jae-suk became known for building up and complimenting his guests.
Comedians Lee Kyung-gyu and Kang Ho-dong's aggressive humor also agrees with audiences because their short-temperedness assures the viewers that they are superior to these comedians.
Lee's book provides insight into entertainment programs "Infinite Challenge" and "A Man's Worth".
According to Lee, the programs share a common narrative of seemingly inferior celebrities striving to improve. "Comedies now not only have to satisfy audiences' sense of superiority but also need to satisfy their sense of empathy as well", Lee said.
Tough for pretty women to be funny
The way "The Science of Laughter" approaches gender is striking. Despite the long-prevalent bias in Korea that joke-telling is part of the male role and women's role is to laugh at jokes told by men, Lee says those times are long gone. He refers to Lee Gyeong-sil and Jeong Sun-hee as comedians who utilize the "resistance force of laughter".
"Every woman wants to look pretty and sweet. But as a comedian, they have to give up on that. The aggressive pranks made by male comedians are not easily accepted by the public when they are made by their female counterparts", he said.
"In that sense, I would like to cheer on my fellow female juniors as well as veteran comedians, Lee Gyeong-sil and Jeong Sun-hee.
The future of comedy
Lee is not looking past Yoo Jae-suk, Kang Ho-dong or Lee Kyung-gyu. "They are like the audiences' family. I think that no one can replace their place unless they retire", said Lee.
Lee acknowledged his own problems regarding his rather subtle approach to humor, which at times do not meet the demands of the public.
"Although I am not the best comedian, the fact that people accepted me positively for my consistency makes me feel lucky. I think that there is no better way of staying healthy than laughing out loud", said Lee.
"A person who laughs more than Samsung Electronics Chairman Lee Kun-hee is one with a successful life".
By Kang Hye-ran [firstname.lastname@example.org]
Related Korean Article [중앙일보]
박명수·김구라 호통 개그, 원시시대부터 내려온 싸움놀이죠
『웃음의 과학』낸 박사 개그맨 이윤석
이 책을 받아 든 이경규의 일성. "야, 넌 왜 웃음을 분석하고 그러냐. 그냥 웃기기나 해라". 읽고 나선 한마디 더. "어떻게 심지어 책도 안 웃기냐!"
그 렇다. 박사 개그맨 이윤석(39)이 쓴 『웃음의 과학』(사이언스북스)은 부제 그대로 '웃기지 않는 과학책'이다. "너무 학술적으로 간 것 아니냐"는 이경규의 촌평처럼, 여느 코미디언들이 쓴 무대 뒷얘기, 혹은 성공학과 다르다. 역사·심리·생물·철학, 뇌 과학까지 넘나들며 종횡무진 웃음을 파헤친다.
10일 오후 서울 정동 카페에서 그를 만났다. "과학책을 즐겨 읽는데 웃음에 대한 연구는 부족하더라고요. 방송에서도 코미디 프로그램이 서자 같은 느낌인데, 학계에서도 그러니 책임감을 느꼈죠. 개그맨 17년차로서 직업적 정체성도 확인하고 지식 독자들에게 웃음의 맛을 느끼게 하려고 3년 걸려 썼어요".
연세대 국문과를 졸업하고 중앙대 석·박사(신문방송학)를 마친 학구파이자 독서광으로서 이 책은 단연코 예능이 아니라 다큐다. 그러나 여느 과학책보다 술술 읽히는 것은 한국 코미디계의 실례가 풍부하게 담겼기 때문이다. 그러니 묻는다. 우리 시대 대표 코미디언들이 뜬 이유가 과학적으로 뭘까. …
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